LIB Mfg Chain

China, Japan, and Korea are responsible for 88% of total global LIB cell manufacturing capacity for all end-users applications. The most LIB cell manufacturing  facilities are primarily located in Asia.

These countries are also home to a significant share of LIB-specific materials manufacturing capacity, including that for cathodes (85% of global capacity), anodes (97%), separators (84%), and electrolytes (64%).  This concentration of cell manufacturing capacity and upstream supply chains contributes to LIB industrial clusters in each of these countries. The numbers do not include new start up manufactures.

LIB Supply Chain:

Major components of the automotive LIB value chain include processed materials for electrodes and other components. With respect to vertical integration, various manufacturers are employing different approaches. Battery cell pack design and production is typically performed by automakers themselves. The LIB electrode materials, processed materials and  sealed cells can be shipped anywhere.

The LIB manufactures are  made  up  of  several processing steps and  performed  in   separate  facilities; Raw  materials  such  as  lithium  and  graphite  are  mined,  then  processed   for  purity  or  specific  Composition,   The processed  materials  are  used  to  manufacture  electrodes,  which  are  key   components  of  LIB cells.  Electrodes  and  cells  are  typically  produced   in  the  same  facility, the Cells,  along  with  other  components,  are  assembled  into  a  complete   LIB power module or power cell packs.

Market Considerations:

The actual selling prices may be driven by market factors other than manufacturing costs, especially in early stages of high-growth industries such as large format LIB cells. Large format LIBs manufacturers have initially rated the cells below their actual capacities capabilities in order to ensure that they meet or exceed their projected marketed requirements. They would  also increasing their production capacity normalized price ($/kWh).

The majority of automotive LIB modules and cell production is also currently located in Asia, and is owned by firms that produce LIB power cells for the consumer electronics markets. They leverage significant advantages in the automotive market, which include robust supply chains suppliers leverage, strategic partnerships, diversified sales channels, higher mark ups and other manufacturing advantages. However, while Asian firms currently dominate the market, price competitive production may be possible from other countries.

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